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Call a dog and they come, call
a cat and they take a message
and get back to you later.
Oldwrench, chat 13th Apr

 
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  Use of Particles

 

Sorry it's been such a long time. I have just been busy with other things (Final Fantasy X being one of them).

 

I heard someone say that they wanted to know how to use particles. So that will be today's lesson. Classes will just have to wait.

 

Okay, the first and most common particle is wa. This is the topic marker. It is placed after the topic in the sentence. Here's an example

I am (currently) buying this book.

Watashi wa kore hon wo katteiru desu.

 

That brings us to our next particle. Wo is the direct object marker. It is usually said "o" but is spelled wo. Here's another example of how to use it.

I will buy this telephone.

Watashi wa kore denwa wo kau desu.

 

Next is the indirect object marker. Ni is the particle for this. It also does it for directions.

I didn't walk to the store.

Watashi wa mise ni arukanai.

 

Simple ne?

That's the next one. Ne. It is a particle that you add to the end of a sentence to ask for agreement.

Let's walk to the store, agreed?

Mise ni arukou, ne?

Notice how there is no subject of this sentence. That is because the verb arukou is the let's verb and already implies that the verb is us or we.

 

Next I will do de. That means basically by means of. Here look.

I came here by boat.

Watashi wa koko ni kyakusen de kita.

I hope you understand that, I don't think it is a great explanation.

 

Next I will cover possession. No is the possession particle. It comes after the noun that owns the subject. Here look.

Watashi no neko ga kurokunakatta (that's a hard one) desu.

 

See how the owner comes before the topic. Yes that's right topic. In that sentence you should note that I used the particle ga.

This particle shows the topic. What's the difference between topic and subject you ask? Not much. It just depends on when you use them.

 

Ga is a subject marker the difference between this and wa is that you only use this on the m grammatical subject. So tell you the truth, I am still not entirely sure on when to use ga and not wa all the time. I taught myself Japanese and could never find that in detail. So I have an idea on how to use it, but am not going to teach you because I hate telling people the wrong thing. Actually I just hate to be wrong.

 

From that we have mo. It means also. This one's pretty simple folks. Whenever you need to say something is also like this, also does, is the same as that. Use this puppy. Take a look:

Me too.

Watashi mo.

My car is also red.

Watasi no kuruma mo akai desu.

 

I like mo because it is easy.

 

Well I will end today with another easy one. Ka. It is put at the end of a sentence to make it a question. It can just be added to a regular sentence and change it to a question with no other modifications to the sentence. Here look:

Your car is red.

Anata no kuruma wa akai desu.

Is your car red?

Anata no kuruma wa akai desu ka?

 

See very simple.

 

That is all I can manage for now. That is not even all of the particles. So I guess I have a lesson ten topic. My eyes hurt from looking at the screen so long. I got down to the "ga" part of this article then left the computer. When I came back It was all gone. Window closed. The horror. The horror.

 


 
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